Appreciating and Cooperating with the Forgotten Person of the Blessed Trinity, 6th Tuesday of Easter, May 23, 2017

Fr. Roger J. Landry
Visitation Convent of the Sisters of Life, New York, NY
Tuesday of the Sixth Week of Easter
31st Anniversary of my Confirmation
May 23, 2017
Acts 16:22-34, Ps 138, Jn 16:5-11


To listen to an audio recording of today’s homily, please click below: 


The following points were attempted in the homily: 

  • Today in the Gospel Jesus says something truly shocking: “I tell you the truth, it is better for you that I go. For if I do not go, the Advocate will not come to you. But if I go, I will send him to you.” Jesus is basically saying that if we have a choice between Him and the Holy Spirit, we should choose the latter. That’s how important he says the Holy Spirit is. The great joy is that we don’t have to have to choose between the two! But it is crucial for us to ponder the role of the Holy Spirit in the Christian life and to examine whether we’re docile to the help He wants to give us to live by faith.
  • The reality, however, is that the Holy Spirit remains the “great unknown” not just in the life of so many of the Christian faithful. Today is the 31st anniversary of my Confirmation, but I have to say that then I really only knew “about” the Holy Spirit a little; I never knew him personally. There’s a well-known scene in the Acts of the Apostles when St. Paul came to Ephesus and met some disciples. He asked, “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you became believers?” They responded, “We have never even heard that there is a Holy Spirit.” Pope-emeritus Benedict, at World Youth Day in Australia in 2008, said, “The Holy Spirit has been in some ways the neglected person of the Blessed Trinity,” and confessed that it was only as a young priest teaching theology that he began not only to recognize the importance that the Holy Spirit should play in his life as a priest and professor but that he came to know him intimately. He added, “It is not enough to know the Spirit; we must welcome Him as the guide of our souls, as the ‘Teacher of the interior life’ who introduces us to the Mystery of the Trinity, because He alone can open us up to faith and allow us to live it each day to the full.” And we don’t have to be a member of the Charismatic Renewal to allow the Holy Spirit to become that teacher and guide. If we wish to understand the faith, if we wish to live it, if we wish to pass it on, we must allow ourselves to be led by the Holy Spirit, even if we, like Joseph Ratzinger, are beginning as adults. For us, the “great unknown” must become the “great known,” the teacher, the leader, the consoler, the advocate.
  • The importance of the Holy Spirit in our life as Catholics cannot be overstated. Jesus tells us this in today’s Gospel when he emphasized that it was good that he left us because in comparison with the gift of His presence, the gift of the Holy Spirit’s presence in our life is more important. That’s how crucial the Holy Spirit is meant to be in our life as disciples and apostles. Benedict told the Church down under, “The Holy Spirit is the highest gift of God to mankind,” something we proclaim in the Veni Creator Spiritus when we call the Holy Spirit, altissimi donum Dei. 
  • As Catholics, especially as we prepare for the decenarium of the Holy Spirit that will begin on the Ascension in two days, we need to ask ourselves how should we be seeking to grow in our docility to this highest gift of God?
  • Jesus in the Gospel today says about the Holy Spirit that “when he comes he will convict the world in regard to sin and righteousness and condemnation: sin, because they do not believe in me; righteousness, because I am going to the Father and you will no longer see me; condemnation, because the ruler of this world has been condemned.” We learn three very important works of the Holy Spirit, among others:
    • He will convict the world with regard to sin. Sin, Jesus says, is ultimately the failure to believe in him. The Holy Spirit not only convicts us of our failure to make Jesus the foundation of our life and at the same time to grow in faith, to trust in Jesus totally and therefore what he says and does and calls us to.
    • He will convict the world with regard to righteousness, and righteousness is not fundamentally our work but God’s, it’s “Jesus’ going to the Father,” it’s Jesus holiness in communion with the Father. Our justification is our incorporation into Jesus by the power of the Holy Spirit, not just later but now. That’s what the Holy Spirit seeks to do.
    • He will convict the world with regard to condemnation. Condemnation is not principally our eternal self-alienation through trusting in sin more than in God but the condemnation of the evil one. The Holy Spirit wants to help us join in that condemnation by helping us to reject Satan, all his evil works and empty promises, and insofar as Christ came into the world to save not condemn the world, to help us enter into our salvation.
  • There are many other works of the Holy Spirit that we ought to be so grateful he has been sent by God the Father and God the Son to do in us. When I teach about the Holy Spirit, I always focus on three principal works.
  • The first is prayer.  St. Paul tells us, “The Spirit helps us in our weakness; for we do not know how to pray as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with sighs too deep for words.” The Holy Spirit teaches us how to pray. He does this not principally by putting words in our minds and mouths to say, but changing who we are as we pray, helping us to be conscious of our reality as sons and daughters so that we can cry out “Abba, Father!” “Daddy!” We see this reality of filial prayer in today’s first reading. After Paul and Silas had been brutally beaten with rods and locked limb to limb in the innermost jail cell just for having exorcised the demon out of a girl who was calling them “slaves of the Most High God, who proclaim to you a way of salvation,” and whose soothsaying abilities were making her owners great profits, they were found at midnight in the jail. It would have been easy for them to lick and nurse their wounds, as their jailer eventually would after the earthquake. It would have been easy for them to have been bitter. It would have been tempting for them to just go to sleep and end what to some might have been a nightmare of a day. But instead, because they were filled with the Holy Spirit, they were “praying and singing hymns to God as the prisoners listened.” They were praising God in joyful song. The Holy Spirit came to the aid of their weakness and was helping them to pray. No matter what type of day we’re having, he can and wants to do the same thing in us. And we see the effect of their prayer. Earlier in the Acts of the Apostles, after Saints Peter and John had suffered flogging on account of the name of Jesus and for a miracle they did for a cripple, they were together with the other members of the Church praying not to be removed from danger, but that they might be able to proclaim the Gospel with all boldness (parrhesia). And St. Luke tells us that the place where they were praying shook. Today we see as Paul and Silas were praying, how the Holy Spirit shook the place they were praying!
  • Second, we also need to be guided by the Holy Spirit in our speaking about and giving witness to the faith. Jesus had promised that the Holy Spirit he would send would teach us all things, lead us to all truth, remind us of everything he had taught us, and, as we hear in today’s Gospel, prove the world wrong about sin, holiness and judgment. He had said that when we are dragged before governors, and synagogues and courts, or into prisons, or before cantankerous relatives or coworkers, or talking to people on the other end of the phone line who might be contemplating going for an abortion, “Do not be anxious beforehand about what you are to say, but say whatever is given to you in that hour, for it is not you who pray but the Holy Spirit.” We see the miracle that occurred in the life of the apostles with the help of the Holy Spirit. The same apostles who 53 days before Pentecost had left the Upper Room only to scatter like frightened children in the Garden now left the same Upper Room to gather God’s children together for Christ. The same Peter who denied even knowing Jesus in order to keep himself warm by the courtyard fire, was now on fire confessing that Jesus was the long-awaited Messiah, the Son of the Living God. The disciples who were too ashamed to appear at the foot of the Cross now boldly and proudly proclaimed God’s love seen by Christ’s death on that Cross. It was the Holy Spirit that had effected the transformation from apostates to apostles, from cowards to courageous witnesses, from chickens to shepherds. The Holy Spirit wants to work that same inner transformation in all of us — and he will, provided that we cooperate with him like Jesus’ first followers. We see that type of Spirit-filled witness in Paul and Silas. When their jailor was about to take his own life because whenever prisoners had escaped it was the jailor who would have to suffer the penalty of an escaped convict — namely death — Paul knew by the power of the Holy Spirit just what to say to him to bring him from the point of death to the threshold of life. “Do no harm to yourself; we are all here,” St. Paul said. And after the jailor rushed in and fell down before them asking “What must I do to be saved?,” they gave him the simplest RCIA itinerary imaginable: “Believe in the Lord Jesus and you and your household will be saved.” He did, as did his family, and they all received the same Holy Spirit who was giving the apostles the ability to proclaim the Gospel with parrhesia. 
  • Third, the Holy Spirit wants to help us to live according to the Holy Spirit. This is the definition of a Christian life of faith. St. Paul in his letters to the Romans and Galatians contrasts the life according to the Spirit and the life according to the flesh. That’s the biggest choice we make in life. Through life according to the Holy Spirit, the third Person of the Trinity wants to help us to seek the things of the Spirit, what God wants, rather than worldly desires. He wants to help us walk by the Spirit by strengthening us to crucify our flesh with its passions and desires so that we may be able to be other Christs. That is authentic Christian “spirituality.” One means by the Holy Spirit does this is through the gifts of the Holy Spirit, by which the Holy Spirit helps us in the concrete circumstances of our daily life to act in conformity with what God wants and others need. And how much we each need this in our life:
    • The gift of wisdom helps us to evaluate all things in the light of the truth, from God’s own perspective, so that in seeing things clearly, we may help others to see.
    • The gift of knowledge helps us to come to know not only the truths of the faith but other truths, to remember them, to recall what the Lord Jesus, the great saints, said or did.
    • The gift of understanding fosters in us a deeper insight into the truth, so that, in seeing the connections between things, we can stimulate others to enter into the real, real world.
    • The gift of counsel or prudence helps us to order our path toward the good and to choose among various goods, and to help others to do the same.
    • The gift of courage sustains us in hardship, helping us to move onward despite our natural human fears and to be bold because of the power and presence of the Holy Spirit. It helps us to grasp that the victory has been won and we are the heralds of the one who has conquered even sin and death and therefore have nothing to fear in trying to bring to people the medicine of immortality.
    • The gift of reverence revives in us the relationship of intimate communion with God and of trusting surrender to his Providence. It is key so that we become a more compelling message, someone whose existence and way of life reminds one of God, someone who sees in others “no mere mortal” to use CS Lewis’ phrase, but someone infinitely loved by God, someone who sees in creation and even in suffering a mystery that can unite us to the divine, opening up our eyes and through us the eyes and hearts of others to grasp that the world is charged with the grandeur of God.
    • The gift of fear — or better translated awe — of the Lord gives us a greater sense of our human weakness and therefore of the indispensable role of divine grace.
  • These are all gifts that will help you, Sisters, enormously, in your work at the Visitation Mission, to help people see the big picture, to order present choices toward heaven, to remember what Christ has said particularly about not being afraid because he is with us, in understanding how what they’re going through can work out for the good, in having the courage to do God’s will, in having the reverence to see the image of God in the child growing within, in having such an awe of God that we don’t want to displease him by even the littlest sin, but recognize he’s present with us to help us in all our choices.
  • When we live by the Spirit, we receive the fruits of the Spirit, which will obviously make our Christian life of faith come alive and help us to be far more capable of communicating the truth, communicating a glimpse of divine reality, communicating God more attractively and compellingly to others. Just think about the life that would be ours if we lived with love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, fidelity, gentleness, and self-control.
  • In Australia, Pope Benedict counseled the young people of the world to “test the quality of your faith in the Holy Spirit, rediscover it if it is lost, strengthen it if it has become weak, savor it as fellowship with the Father and with his Son Jesus Christ, brought about by the indispensable working of the Holy Spirit.” We, too, as we prepare for the Decenarium should test the quality of our faith as well. St. Paul in his first letter to Thessalonians said, “Do not quench the Spirit!,” because in some sense they obviously were limiting his work in them. To the Ephesians he said something even more powerful, imploring them, “Do not grieve the Spirit of God.”  How much believers grieve the Holy Spirit by their treating him as an unknown, or merely a theological concept! How much richer would their life be, how much effective would their task of witness be, how much stronger would the Church be, if we didn’t grieve or quench the Holy Spirit!
  • The Holy Spirit for whom we need to pray with greater insistence as we draw closer to Pentecost comes to us at every Mass. Just as he overshadowed Mary at the Annunciation, so he overshadows the altar and the priest at the consecration to transform bread and wine into the eternal Son of God incarnate. And so he overshadows the Church to make us one body, one Spirit in Christ. Pope Benedict said, “The Eucharist is a ‘perpetual Pentecost’ since every time we celebrate Mass we receive the Holy Spirit who unites us more deeply with Christ and transforms us into Him.” Today we turn to the Holy Spirit, the “better part,” and pray: “Come, Holy Spirit, fill the hearts of your faithful and kindle in us the fire of your love!” Amen!

The readings for today’s Mass were:

Reading 1 Acts 16:22-34

The crowd in Philippi joined in the attack on Paul and Silas,
and the magistrates had them stripped
and ordered them to be beaten with rods.
After inflicting many blows on them,
they threw them into prison
and instructed the jailer to guard them securely.
When he received these instructions, he put them in the innermost cell
and secured their feet to a stake.About midnight, while Paul and Silas were praying
and singing hymns to God as the prisoners listened,
there was suddenly such a severe earthquake
that the foundations of the jail shook;
all the doors flew open, and the chains of all were pulled loose.
When the jailer woke up and saw the prison doors wide open,
he drew his sword and was about to kill himself,
thinking that the prisoners had escaped.
But Paul shouted out in a loud voice,
“Do no harm to yourself; we are all here.”
He asked for a light and rushed in and,
trembling with fear, he fell down before Paul and Silas.
Then he brought them out and said,
“Sirs, what must I do to be saved?”
And they said, “Believe in the Lord Jesus
and you and your household will be saved.”
So they spoke the word of the Lord to him and to everyone in his house.
He took them in at that hour of the night and bathed their wounds;
then he and all his family were baptized at once.
He brought them up into his house and provided a meal
and with his household rejoiced at having come to faith in God.

Responsorial Psalm PS 138:1-2ab, 2cde-3, 7c-8

R. (7c) Your right hand saves me, O Lord.
R. Alleluia.
I will give thanks to you, O LORD, with all my heart,
for you have heard the words of my mouth;
in the presence of the angels I will sing your praise;
I will worship at your holy temple,
and give thanks to your name.
R. Your right hand saves me, O Lord.
R. Alleluia.
Because of your kindness and your truth,
you have made great above all things
your name and your promise.
When I called, you answered me;
you built up strength within me.
R. Your right hand saves me, O Lord.
R. Alleluia.
Your right hand saves me.
The LORD will complete what he has done for me;
your kindness, O LORD, endures forever;
forsake not the work of your hands.
R. Your right hand saves me, O Lord.
R. Alleluia.

Alleluia See Jn 16:7, 13

R. Alleluia, alleluia.
I will send to you the Spirit of truth, says the Lord;
he will guide you to all truth.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

Gospel Jn 16:5-11

Jesus said to his disciples:
“Now I am going to the one who sent me,
and not one of you asks me, ‘Where are you going?’
But because I told you this, grief has filled your hearts.
But I tell you the truth, it is better for you that I go.
For if I do not go, the Advocate will not come to you.
But if I go, I will send him to you.
And when he comes he will convict the world
in regard to sin and righteousness and condemnation:
sin, because they do not believe in me;
righteousness, because I am going to the Father
and you will no longer see me;
condemnation, because the ruler of this world has been condemned.”